What is Gonorrhea? | Symptoms, Diagnosis, Preventing & Treatment


Since gonorrhea is a bacterial infection, its main treatment is medical in the form of antibiotics. The most commonly used antibiotic is ceftriaxone, and it is taken by injection. The good news is that for most uncomplicated infections, a single dose is enough. It is important, however, to know if there are other infections as the treatment may differ.

Most patients can be treated at home with no need for additional treatment or hospital admission, but some others, especially females whose diagnosis was delayed, might need to be hospitalized. One of the main indications of hospitalization is pelvic inflammatory disease. Several regimens of antibiotics may be needed to treat pelvic inflammatory disease. In addition, antibiotic resistance is common in such cases, and culture may need to be repeated to make sure that the antibiotic you are receiving is effective against the bacteria.

Treating complications like infertility and irregular periods may be challenging in long-standing disease, and surgeries may be needed. In addition, you may need to undergo some measures like IVF to get pregnant.

Other manifestations of gonorrhea such as gonorrhea of the throat and rectum usually need no additional treatment and get better on their own after treating the main infection.

Treatment of eye infection in babies:

Neonatal gonorrhea is treated by antibiotics in the form of injections and an ointment that is placed in the eye. The baby might also need to be hospitalized during their treatment to monitor their eyes condition and to make sure that they have no other complications or other sexually transmitted diseases.

Treatment in patients with HIV:

One of the main fears of people living with HIV is whether they need additional treatment or a different one in case of another STDs. In the case of gonorrhea, there is no need for any change of treatment.