Iliotibial Band Syndrome (ITBS)
Iliotibial band syndrome is a condition that generally affects runners and cyclists. The iliotibial band is a thick band of tissue that spans from the pelvis to the outside of the knee. ITBS is often caused by overactivity, mainly during exercise, which causes the band to shorten and tighten once and again, rubbing against the surrounding structures. This places a strain on the tendons of the band and causes the joints of the knee to become inflamed and painful.
Symptoms include knee pain outside the knee, and you can also feel pain in the knee cap. Painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs can help to ease pain, although rest and physical therapy are fundamental to recovery.