Prostatitis: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, & Diagnosis!

What are the risk factors for prostatitis?

Risk factors are not the same as causes. We have listed some causes, including bacterial infection and pelvic floor dysfunction. The following are elements in your environment that increase the risk of having prostatitis without being a direct cause:

  • Patients with indwelling catheters: They have a higher incidence of urinary infections, too. Indwelling catheters will likely drag bacteria into the urinary tract and near the prostate.
  • Patients with an active sexual life: Sexually transmitted diseases can be associated with prostatitis. Thus, it is more common in patients with an active sexual life, especially those with multiple sexual partners.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease: 25% of chronic pelvic pain syndrome patients have inflammatory bowel disease. These conditions are linked by inflammation, mainly because the prostate and the gut are adjacent structures.
  • Obstruction of the ejaculatory duct: The prostatic fluid should keep moving instead of pooling and becoming stagnant. When prostatic calculi obstruct the ejaculatory duct, the risk of prostatitis can be higher because the bacteria have more time to reproduce and colonize the gland.
  • Bladder dysfunction: Many patients with a bladder condition such as detrusor contractility problems or sphincter problems may develop chronic pelvic pain syndrome.