Varicose veins are twisted, swollen, and enlarged veins that often appear blue or dark purple in color. Varicose veins can develop in any superficial (near the skin’s surface) vein. This problem occurs when vein valves in the body are faulty or damaged, causing blood to pool or flow in the wrong direction. Adults who have varicose veins are more than 23% of the population. In the United States, one in four adults has varicose veins. Women are at risk more than males to have varicose veins. Varicose veins often appear on the lower legs. Self-care measures or procedures performed by a healthcare provider to close or remove the veins may be used in the treatment of varicose veins.
Symptoms of varicose veins
The primary symptoms of varicose veins are very obvious, misshapen veins. Over and around the enlarged veins, there can be a pain, swelling, heaviness, and achiness.
Swelling and discoloration can sometimes happen. Ulcers can occur in severe cases, and the veins may severely bleed.