Blood Clot in Lung: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of Pulmonary Embolism

How to prevent pulmonary embolism?

Pulmonary embolism is most often caused by venous thrombosis. Individuals at high risk of venous thromboembolism should be treated with pharmacologic prophylaxis, mechanical prophylaxis, or both to prevent pulmonary embolism.

Pharmacologic prophylaxis includes low-dose unfractionated heparin, low-molecular-weight heparin, and other anticoagulants. Mechanical prophylaxis includes graduated compression stockings and intermittent pneumatic compression devices.

Lifestyle changes can also help prevent pulmonary embolism. Keep in mind the following recommendation to reduce your risk:

  • Do not smoke. If you are a smoker, stop now.
  • If you have had venous thromboembolism before, don’t wait to take action to protect yourself against another episode.
  • Keep your legs elevated while sitting or lying down to help reduce the risk of deep vein thrombosis.
  • Exercise daily, especially with workouts involving your legs, such as walking and leg presses.
  • Maintain good nutrition. Eat plenty of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, low-fat dairy products, and lean meats.
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Follow your doctor’s recommendations for your medications.
  • Get regular checkups.