Treatment of Small and Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

2- Chemotherapy:

One of the main problems with chemotherapy is their fair share of side effects. Such side effects differ in incidence and severity, and the decision to start chemotherapy usually balances between their benefits and anticipated risks. The most common complications of chemotherapy include:

  • Increased risk of infection: Chemotherapy suppresses the bone marrow, which is where blood cells form. This results in weakened immunity and increased risk of infection.
  • Hair loss and thin skin: Chemotherapy usually targets rapidly dividing cells, which are mostly cancer cells, but it also affects other cells including skin cells and hair follicles. This causes diffuse hair loss of the scalp, eyebrows, and other sites. Fortunately, it is usually reversible.
  • Generalized feeling of tiredness and weakness: When the bone marrow is suppressed, anemia occurs where the amount of hemoglobin decreases in the blood. This causes symptoms including weakness, palpitations, dizziness, and inability to do daily activities.
  • Easy bruising: Easy bruising results from the decreased number of platelets caused by bone marrow depression and the weakened skin and blood vessels walls.
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting: Both of them result from the effect of chemotherapy on certain parts of the brain.