Treatment of Small and Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

2- Radiation therapy:

Radiation therapy is when ionizing radiation is directed towards a certain tumor to damage the genetic content of its cells, causing them to die. Radiation therapy is generally used with surgery in most cancers. In the case of non-small cell lung cancer, it is used as an alternative to surgery in patients who cannot tolerate surgery as in case of poor physical conditions or other chronic diseases.

There are two main types of radiotherapy, wide beam radiotherapy which includes wide inaccurate radiation to kill tumor cells in a specific area of the body, and stereotactic radiotherapy, which targets a specific part of the body with increased precision and fewer side effects.